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Fig. 26. Sun Chia-nai . Tutor to the Heir Apparent.
Sun Chia-nai (1827-1909)
By recruiting Chinese scholars into its officialdom, the alien Ch'ing dynasty had accepted the concept of traditional Confucian order. Numerically the distribution of appointments between Manchus and Chinese appeared to be quite equitable, but the administration of the central government had been carefully arranged to ensure its absolute control by the Manchus. Those positions with political power were
reserved almost exclusively for the Manchus. Cultural and educa-tion& posts went to the Chinese.
Sun Chia-nal followed this prescribed route in passing the official examinations with highest honors, including a first-class compilership to the Hanlin Academy. After serving as director of education in upeh, he was appointed a tutor in the Palace School for Princes. His
selection ten years later as a tutor to the Kuang-hs‚ Emperor served to underline his growing influence.